- Summary: Costa Rica’s adventure capital; home to the country’s most active volcano; natural hot springs; accommodations of all types.
- Landscape: Rainforest, Volcano
- Attractions: Arenal Volcano, Hot Springs, Lake Arenal, Waterfalls
- Activities: Adventure Tours, Caving, Freshwater Fishing, Lava Viewing
- Caters to: Budget Travelers, Couples/Honeymooners, Families, Independent Travelers, Nature Lovers
Like fireworks at Disneyland, visitors used to flock to Arenal in hopes of seeing the nightly display of glowing red lava flowing from the near perfect cone of the mighty volcano. During the daytime, visitors explored Arenal rappelling down its waterfalls, hiking through its rainforest and soaring through its valleys on zip lines.read more close
Today, the volcano's slow eruption subsided, but the list of activities continues to grow including hikes along the 1968 lava flow, wakeboarding on Lake Arenal and whitewater rafting on three different rivers. Meanwhile the volcano's rage still bubbles underneath the surface heating the largest collection of hot springs in Costa Rica. On clear days, a tendril of smoke still curls out of Arenal's caldera like the wick of an extinguished candle.
The volcano's split personality reveals its good side from the small town of La Fortuna where centuries old rainforest crawls up the eastern slopes. Beside the volcano lies its dormant cousin, Cerro Chato, covered in a layer of equally thick rainforest that's been growing since the volcano's last eruption some 38,000 years ago. Hikers ascend through the undergrowth to a crater lake – nearly a mile in diameter. Nearby, the roaring cascade of the La Fortuna waterfall passes over Cerro Chato before plummeting 200 feet in a spectacular display seen from one of three viewpoints around the falls.
On the western slopes of Arenal volcano, its black heart has spilled out over the mountainside, the cooled magma a reminder of three towns it destroyed in the 1968 eruption. In the Arenal Volcano National Park, travelers can hike through the volcanic badlands in-between the rainforest and the pioneer forest where tall grasses and twisted trees begin the forest's regeneration. Standing on top of the 1968 lava flow, hikers can look out across Lake Arenal, spot toucans perched in the tree tops and see incredible views of the volcano.
While relaxing in the hot springs around Arenal, it's easy to forget that the pleasantly warm mineral waters come from boiling underground wells and thermal springs. Each of Arenal's resorts offers a different ambiance to enjoy the thermal waters. World famous Tabacon Hot Springs features a thermal river for guests to soak in while Ecotermales provides an intimate hot spring experience in the middle of the rainforest, or join in the party at Baldi, a collection of more than 25 pools, saunas and Jacuzzis that include three waterslides.
For adventure, Arenal packs more in per square inch than anywhere else in the country. Visitors can reach speeds of 50mph, zip lining between the treetops and over valleys with views of the volcano and Lake Arenal. Down below, kayakers, anglers and stand up paddlers enjoy the calm, glassy waters of the lake's eastern end while windsurfers and kiteboarders enjoy the wind swept-lake's western end. Meanwhile, wakeboarders and waterskiers find reprieve from the wind jumping between wakes in the coves and inlets around Lake Arenal.
Waterfall rappelling takes visitors deep into Arenal's rainforest hiking through gorges, wading through streams and rappelling down waterfalls – one over 200 feet tall. Whitewater rafting is among the other popular tours available, taking visitors through class II-IV rapids on one of three different rivers in the area.
Floating downriver at the Cano Negro Wildlife Refuge, or along the Penas Blancas rivers on a safari tour, wildlife enthusiasts are sure to spot some of Costa Rica's most adored critters including two- and three-toed sloths, howler monkeys, white-faced monkeys, green iguanas, caimans, crocodiles and the amazing green basilisk lizard that runs across the surface of the water.
Places to Stay
The volcano remains the center of attention at all the hotels around Arenal. Spectacular views abound from the windows and patios of the bungalows, cabins, cabanas and suites that populate the hotels along the highway wrapping around Arenal volcano. La Fortuna remains the major hub for hostels, hotels, shopping, restaurants and nightlife catering to visitors with its international cuisine and variety of bars while still retaining its small town ambiance with small sodas (cheap, family style restaurants), bakeries, a catholic church and a central park.